ELECTRONIC ROAD PRICING SYSTEM
#1

Electronic road pricing system (ERP) the motorists are charged
In Electronic road pricing system (ERP) the motorists are charged when they use the road during peak hours.
Thus system is used to prevent traffic congestions in roads and highways.
It uses a dedicated short range radio communication system to deduct ERP charges from cash cards.

Advantages of ERPS
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1. Congestion reduction
By introducing an ERPS, users will choose alternative routes, thus reducing the number of vehicles on congested roads.
This will provide an overall improvement in journey time, and increase the productivity and efficiency in work places.

2. Revenue generation
The ERPS will be self-funding, and profits will be used to maintain the road infrastructure.

3. Air Pollution
Emissions from vehicles are increased in stop-start conditions, caused by congestion. So by introducing ERPS the emission levels on the roads can be decreased.

Disadvantages of ERPS
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1. Low Income Earners.
The introduction of the Road Pricing system will actually affect the people with lower income, in the sense that their expenditure will increase.

2. Movement of congestion from motorway to side roads.
In order to avoid using paid roads, drivers will try to shift their journey to side roads and thus increasing the traffic congestion elsewhere.

3. Privacy of drivers.
The fact that the system can record the movements of people using the charged road, the data can be used for other purposes, against them. Thus drivers may be reluctant to accept such a system.
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#2
give me page link for report download for the above topic
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#3
pls give full report
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#4
reference page link of these topics "ELECTRONIC ROAD PRICING SYSTEM" bellow...


http://studentbank.in/report-electronic-...ing-system

http://studentbank.in/report-electronic-...malaysia/2


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#5
ERP(Electronic Road Pricing)Technology

[attachment=16731]
What is road pricing?


Road pricing is an economic concept regarding the various direct charges applied for the use of roads.

The road charges includes fuel taxes, license fees, parking taxes, tolls, and congestion charges, including those which may vary by time of day, by the specific road, or by the specific vehicle type, being used.


Electronic Road Pricing


Aim is to charge vehicles for the use of the road at times and at places of congestion

For congestion management

For raising road revenue

Every entry or pass under a control point is automatically charged a fee


About the system

The scheme consists of ERP gantries located at all busy roads & expressways with heavy traffic.
The gantry system is actually a system of sensors on 2 gantries, one in front of the other. Cameras are also attached to the gantries to capture the rear license plate numbers of vehicles.
A device known as an In-vehicle Unit (IU) is affixed on the lower right corner of the front windscreen within sight of the driver, in which a stored value card, the cash card, is inserted for payment of the road usage charges.


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